Running Head: MODELS OF DISABILITY1Models of DisabilityNameInstructorInstitutional AffiliationDate2MODELS OF DISABILITYIntroductionModels of disability are tools that are used for defining impairment and ultimately forproviding the basis upon which the society and the government can come up with a strategy formeeting the needs of the disabled people. It is imperative to understand that disability is notinability and the fact that one is disabled does not mean that one is unable to do activities thatother people can do (Whiteneck, 2006). There are different forms of disability that all capturedwithin these models that attempt to provide more explanation on disability. However, thesemodels provide useful frameworks that can help people gain a better understanding of disabilityissues. In this discussion, there are three important categories of models of disability that will bediscussed. These categories include medical models in which disability is seen as an individualsattribute; social models where disability is viewed as a product of environment; and modelswhere disability is viewed as the results of an individual-environment interaction (Whiteneck,2006).The medical models of disabilityThe medical model of disability holds that disability arises from an individuals mental orphysical limitation and may be largely unconnected with the persons social or geographicalenvironment. This model is sometimes called Biological-Inferiority or rathe ...
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